Patinir was born near 1480 in Dinant in Britany or Bouvignes in Belgium.
He died on October 5th 1524 in Antwerp.
He is also known as Patinier
He was a painter and draughtsman of the Renaissance Flemish
has been a member of the association of painters of Antwerp.
in landscapes and very influenced by Hieronymus Bosch, Patinir achieved works
where fantastic elements, forests, imaginary climes, towns and rivers.
worked with Quentin Matsys who became his children's tutor after his death.
2007, an exhibition dedicated to Patinir took place at the Prado Museum in Madrid.
his painting Landscape with Charon Crossing the Styx
(see above), Patinir depicts the classical subject related by Virgil in his Aeneid
and Dante in the Inferno.
The larger figure in the boat is Charon, who
ferries the souls of the dead to the gates of Hades god of death in the antic
The passenger in the boat, too minute to distinguish his expressions,
is a human soul deciding between Heaven, to his right (the viewer's left), or
Hell, to his left.
The river Styx divides the painting down the center.
It is one of the four rivers of the underworld that passes through the deepest
part of hell.
On the painting's left side is the fountain of Paradise,
the spring from which the river Lethe flows through Heaven.
On the right
side of the composition is Patinir's vision of Hell, drawing largely on Boschian
influences. He adapts a description of Hades, in which, according to the Greek
writer Pausanias, one of the gates was located at the southern end of the Peloponnesus,
in an inlet still visible on the Cape Matapan.
In front of the gates
is Cerberus, a three-headed dog, who guards the entrance of the gate and frightens
all the potential souls who enter into Hades.
The soul in the boat ultimately
chooses his destiny by looking toward Hell and ignoring the angel on the river-bank
in Paradise that beckons him to the more difficult path to Heaven.
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Patinir Joaquim Patinir Patinier Charon Crossing the Styx Charon Crossing Styx
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